First used for spot welding and die casting, industrial robots can now be used in a wide variety of industrial applications. Often used in arc welding, spot welding, cutting, painting, machine tending, material handling, and many other applications, industrial robots and robotic systems increase productivity and reduce overall costs.
Old Focus on Industrial Robotics
The first industrial robot integrated into a factory performed spot welding and extracted die castings. This was in 1962 at a New Jersey General Motors automobile factory. One of the main attractions of industrial robots automating these tasks was that spot welding and extracting die castings were physically tolling on the human body, and industrial robots could handle the payloads. Spot welding guns can be heavy, and extracting heavy castings can wear and tear on shoulders, knees, and other body parts. In other words, industrial robot arms could more easily perform cumbersome, repetitive, and dangerous tasks.
New Focus on Industrial Robotics
In the last two decades, major advances in the robotics industry have led to industrial robot arms being as precise as 0.02 millimeters, having extremely high payload capacities, and reaching farther than ever before.
Industrial robots today can be used to automate almost any industrial task. Arc welding, spot welding, plasma welding and cutting, drilling, routing, palletizing, machine loading and unloading, painting, material removal, assembly, and material handling are only a small number of applications and tasks that industrial robot arms in use today are used for.
Various end-of-arm-tooling attachments are positioned on the wrist of the robot arm to increase the number of industrial applications and tasks that can be automated.