Mechanical Engineering for Robots

Sep 3, 2013

In the robotics field, mechanical engineers help to design the structure, joint mechanisms, bearings, heat transfer characteristics and many other necessary components. Engineers in the robotics field must have a complex understanding of math and science as well as be innovative problem solvers. ​


Before robots are capa­ble of dis­pens­ing med­ica­tions, debur­ring plas­tic edges, or pack­ag­ing parts, they have to be cre­at­ed! Engi­neers get to take the cred­it for design­ing the robots to do what they are pro­grammed for. Mechan­i­cal engi­neers design the robot’s struc­ture, joint mech­a­nisms, bear­ings, heat trans­fer char­ac­ter­is­tics, etc. Elec­tri­cal engi­neers take care of the con­trol elec­tron­ics and pow­er ampli­fiers, while com­put­er engi­neers design the robot’s com­put­ing hard­ware. As these types of engi­neers work togeth­er, they build a com­plete robot.

To become a mechan­i­cal engi­neer focus­ing on robot­ics, most peo­ple obtain a four-year engi­neer­ing degree and then con­tin­ue to focus on mul­ti­ple engi­neer­ing fields. Robot­ics engi­neers must have a com­plex under­stand­ing of math and sci­ence, as well as a dri­ve to solve prob­lems and imag­i­na­tion to create.

While most engi­neer­ing pro­fes­sions have aver­age job growth, robot­ics engi­neers tend to be in high demand, espe­cial­ly if they have mul­ti-dis­ci­pli­nary skills. Once employed as a mechan­i­cal robot­ics engi­neer, respon­si­bil­i­ties include work­ing in a wide range of indus­tries to main­tain or invent robot­ics sys­tems. Engi­neers will work with CAD and draft­ing soft­ware to design and man­u­fac­ture spec­i­fi­ca­tions for robot­ics sys­tems. They will pro­gram robots to per­form tasks, and fine-tune designs. 

A pro­fes­sor of mechan­i­cal engi­neer­ing at the Uni­ver­si­ty of Maine, Mohsen Shahin­poor, cre­at­ed a robot ver­sion of the Venus Fly­trap. Not only is this robot help­ful with catch­ing and eat­ing bugs, but it also demon­strates a new kind of tech­nol­o­gy that could lead to med­ical appli­ca­tion advances. Since this Fly­trap has the abil­i­ty to catch flies, it is also pos­si­ble that in the future, robots could feed them­selves, elim­i­nat­ing the need for a pow­er supply.

Mechan­i­cal engi­neers play a large part in assist­ing the robot­ics indus­try as it pro­gress­es and expands. Robots​.com con­tin­ues to spon­sor mul­ti­ple mechan­i­cal engi­neer­ing pro­grams to help pro­mote the knowl­edge of robot­ics and engi­neer­ing. For more infor­ma­tion, con­tact Robots​.com rep­re­sen­ta­tives online or at 8777626881.

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